Tag Archives: power cli

PowerShell ISE on steroids

I’m not a developer. I deal mainly with infrastructe, things like virtualization, storage & backup, networking etc. Sometimes I had to write scripts, primarily PowerShell, batch or Bash. Many years back, I also wrote Csh and Ksh scripts. In the past years, automation was one of the rising trends in the infrastructure segment. And with automation, new challenges came up. Today I have to work with Windows PowerShell, in case of VMware with PowerCLI (which bases on Windows PowerShell), and sometimes I have use with REST APIs. I’m still not a developer. Due to this fact, I need tools that help me getting my work done.

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PowerCLI: Get-LunPathState

Careful preparation is a key element to success. If you restart a storage controller, or even the whole storage, you should be very sure that all ESXi hosts have enough paths to every datstore. Sure, you can use the VMware vSphere C# client or the Web Client to check every host and every datastore. But if you have a large cluster with a dozen datastores and some Raw Device Mappings (RDMs), this can take a looooong time. Checking the path state of each LUN is a task, which can be perfectly automated. Get a list of all hosts, loop through every host and every LUN, output a list of all hosts with all LUNs and all paths for each LUN. Sounds easy, right?

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Automating ESXi configuration for DataCore SANsymphony-V

DataCore describes in their Host Configuration Guide for VMware ESXi some settings that must be adjusted before storage from DataCore SANsymphony-V storage servers will be assigned to the ESXi hosts. Today, for ESXi 5.x and 6.0, you have to add a custom rule and adjust the advanced setting DiskMaxIOSize. For ESX(i) 4 more parameters had to be adjusted. But I will focus on  ESXi 5.x and 6.0. You need to adjust these settings for each host that should get storage mapped from a DataCore storage server. If you have more then one host, you may have the wish to automate the necessary steps. The check the current value of DiskMaxIOSize, you can use this lines of PowerCLI code.

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How to shrink thin-provisioned disks

Get the latest version: Reclaim-ThinVMDK.ps1

Disk space is rare. I only have about 1 TB of SSD storage in my lab and I don’t like to waste too much of it. My hosts use NFS to connect to my Synology NAS, and even if I use the VAAI-NAS plugin, I use thin-provisioned disks only. Thin-provisioned disks tend to grow over time. If you copy a 1 GB file into a VM and you delete this file immediately, you will find that the VMDK is increased by 1 GB. This is caused by the guest filesystem. It marks the blocks of deleted files as free, even if it only deletes metadata and not the data itself. Later, the data is overwritten with new data, since the blocks are marked as free and the new data is written in there. VMware ESXi doesn’t know that the guest has marked blocks as free. So ESXi can’t shrink the thin-provisioned VMDK.

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Add a new version of HP Agentless Management Service to a customized ESXi 5.5.0 ISO

While preparing for a VMware vSphere 5.5 update at a customer of mine, I stumbled over VMware KB2085618 (ESXi host cannot initiate vMotion or enable services and reports the error: Heap globalCartel-1 already at its maximum size.Cannot expand.). I checked the HP AMS version in the latest HP custom ESXi image and found out, that version hp-ams-esx-550.10.0.0-18.1198610 is included (source). Unfortunately the bug is not fixed in 10.0.0, but it’s fixed in 10.0.1 (source).


According to the VMware KB article only the HP AMS versions hp-ams 500.9.6.0-12.434156 and hp-ams-550.9.6.0-12.1198610 should be affected. But since I do not like surprises, I decided to update the HP AMS version in the latest HP custom ESXi image from 10.0.0 to 10.0.1.

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Install VMware Tools from VMware repository

Today I stumbled over a nice workaround. While installing a CentOS 6 VM, I needed to install the VMware Tools. I don’t know why, but I got an error message, regarding a non accessible VMware Tools ISO.


I remembered a blog post I read a few months ago, about a VMware online repository, from which VMware tools can be installed. You can download the repository information here. The RPM for RHEL can also be used for CentOS. Simply download and install the RPM:

Now you can use the repository information to install the VMware Tools.

That’s it.

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Load VMware PowerCLI snap-in automatically in PowerShell ISE

The PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment (ISE) is a very handy application when dealing with the PowerShell. And because of this, the ISE is also a very handy application when dealing with VMware PowerCLI. When I write a script or a one-liner, one of the first things I do is to load the necessary snap-ins. And because I’m lazy, I’m trying to automate everything, what I have to do more than once. So how can I load the necessary snap-ins automatically when starting PowerShell ISE? The Windows PowerShell profile will help you. This is a simple text file, or to be more precise, a PowerShell script. Because of this, you can write everything (cmdlets, scripts, functions etc.) in this script file, and it will be executed when you start the PowerShell or the PowerShell ISE. Please note, that there are two profile files: One for the PowerShell and one for the PowerShell ISE. But where can you find the Windows PowerShell profile files? The path to the PowerShell profile is returned by the built-in variable $profile.

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Change network adapter type with PowerCLI

Today I found this neat PowerCLI One-liner in my Twitter timeline:

A nice side effect of this one-liner is, that the mac-address doesn’t change, as you can see in the screenshots.

change_adapter_type_vmxnet3 change_adapter_type_e1000

If you have ever changed the adapter type of a vNIC you will know, that this leads to a changed mac-address and a new adapter in the OS. Windows will show a “Local Area Connection 2”, Linux will show a eth1 instead of eth0. So you need to lend a hand. If you use Linux and you’ve changed the adapter type using this one-liner, everythings fine. eth0 will stay eth0, but the kernel loads another driver. No need to modify or delete the 70-persistent-net.rule file under /etc/udev/rules.d. But how does Windows handle it? Unfortunately Windows doesn’t handle it. Windows detects a new device, because the hardware ID changed.

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My most frequently used PowerCLI One-liner

Over the last months I wrote different PowerCLI One-liners who I want to share. Nothing fancy and one or two are ugly. But they worked for me. :)

Changing the multipathing policy for all hosts and datastores in a cluster

Get a list of all VMs in a cluster and the datastore in which the VMs resides

Get a list of all VMs, their mac-address and the connected port groups

vMotion of a VM between hosts without a shared storage (not really a One-liner…)

Enable SSH on all hosts

Check on which hosts SSH is enabled

Get a list of hosts and the numer of VM that are running on these hosts

If you’re searching for more advanced PowerCLI stuff visit the blogs of Alan Renouf and Luc Dekens.

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