Tag Archives: vdi

Workaround for broken Windows 10 Start Menus with floating desktops

Last month, I wrote about a very annoying issue, that I discovered during a Windows 10 VDI deployment: Roaming of the AppData\Local folder breaks the Start Menu of Windows 10 Enterprise (Roaming of AppData\Local breaks Windows 10 Start Menu). During research, I stumbled over dozens of threads about this issue.

Today, after hours and hours of testing, troubleshooting and reading, I might have found a solution.

The environment

Currently I don’t know if this is a workaround, a weird hack, or no solution at all. Maybe it was luck that none of my 2074203423 logins at different linked-clones resulted in a broken start menu. The customer is running: read more

Some thoughts about using Windows Server 2012 R2 instead of Windows 10 for VDI

Disclaimer: The information from this blog post is provided on an “AS IS” basis, without warranties, both express and implied.

Last week, I had an interesting discussion with a customer. Some months back, the customer has decided to kick-off a PoC for a VMware Horizon View based virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI). He is currently using fat-clients with Windows 8.1, and the new environment should run on Windows 10 Enterprise. Last week, we discussed the idea of using Windows Server 2012 R2 as desktop OS.

Horizon View with Windows Server as desktop OS?

My customer has planned to use VMware Horizon View. The latest release is VMware Horizon View 7.2. VMware KB article 2150295 (Supported Guest Operating Systems for Horizon Agent and Remote Experience) lists all supported (non-Windows 10) Microsoft operating systems for different Horizon VIew releases. This article  shows, that Windows Server 2012 R2 (Standard and Datacenter) are both supported with all Horizon View releases, starting with Horizon View 7.0. The installation of a View Agent is supported, and you can create full- and linked-clone desktop pools. But there is also another important KB article: 2150305 (Feature Support Matrix for Horizon Agent). This article lists all available features, and whether they are compatible with a specific OS or not. According to this artice, the read more

Roaming of AppData\Local breaks Windows 10 Start Menu

One of my customers has started a project to create a Windows 10 Enterprise (LTSB 2016) master for their VMware Horizon View environment. Beside the fact (okay, it is more a personal feeling), that Windows 10 is a real PITA for VDI, I noticed an interesting issue during tests.

The issue

For convenience, I adopted some settings of the current Persona Management GPO for Windows 7 for the new Windows 10 environment. During the tests, the customer and I noticed a strange behaviour: After login, the start menu won’t open. The only solution was to logoff and delete the persona folder (most folders are redirected using native Folder Redirections, not the redirection feature of the View Persona Management). While debugging this issue, I found this error in the eventlog.

If you google this, you will find many, many threads about this. Most solutions describe, that you have to delete the profile due to wrong permissions on profile folders and/ or registry hives. I used Microsofts Procmon to verify this, but I was unable to confirm that. After further investigations, I found hints, that the TileDataLayer database could be the problem. The database is located in AppData\Local\TileDataLayer\Database and stores the installed apps, programs, and tiles for the Start Menu. AFAIK it also includes the Start Menu layout. read more

Horizon View: Server certificate does not match the external url

Certificates are always fun… or should I say PITA?  Whatever… During a small Horizon View PoC, I noticed an error message for the View Connection Server.

That’s right, Mr. Connection Server. The certificate subject name does not match the servers external URL, as this screenshot clearly shows.

But both settings are unused, because a VMware Access Point appliance is in place. If I remove the certificate, that was issued from a public certificate authority, I get an error message because of an invalid, self signed certificate. read more

Important foot note: Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB 2016 requires a new KMS host key

Today, I have stumbled upon a fact that is worth being documented.

TL;DR: Use the “Windows Srv 2016 DataCtr/Std KMS” host key (CSVLK), if you want to activate Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB 2016 using KMS. Or use AD-based activation. For more information read the blog post of the Ask the Core Team: Windows Server 2016 Volume Activation Tips.

A customer wants to deploy Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB 2016. A Windows Server 2012 R2 is acting as KMS host, and successfully activates Windows Server 2012 R2 and Microsoft Office 2013 Professional Plus. The “Windows Srv 2012R2 DataCtr/Std KMS for Windows 10” CSVLK was successfully installed. Nevertheless, the “current count” value does not increase. The client logged the event 12288: read more

VCP7-DTM certification beta exam experience

Nearly a month ago, a tweet caught my attention:

https://twitter.com/VMwareEducation/status/783374497827041280

These beta exams are a cost-effective way to achieve certifications. The last beta exam I took, was the VCP6-DCV beta. Because I already had the VCP6-DTM on my to-do list, the new VCP7-DTM beta exam was released just in the right moment.

As already mentioned in the blog post of the VMware Education and Certification Blog, there are primarly three reasons to take this beta exam:

  • get certified
  • low costs (only 50 USD)
  • identify strengths and weaknesses

Beside of this, VMware can test the questions and is getting feedback to increase the quality of their exams. read more

VMware Horizon View space reclamation fails due to activated CBT

Nearly two weeks ago, I wrote a blog post (VMware Horizon View space reclamation fails) about failing space reclamation on automated desktop pools with linked clones. Today I write about the same error, but caused by another problem. In both cases, the error is logged in the View Administrator and the vSphere (Web) Client. On the View Administrator, the following error is shown:

“Failed to perform space reclamation on machine COMPUTER NAME in Pool POOL NAME”

view_admin_reclaim_error

The vSphere Web Client shows a different error message: read more

VMware Horizon View space reclamation fails

A customer notified me, that he observed an issue with the space reclamation on two automated desktop pools with linked clones. His environment is based on Horizon View 6.2.1 and vSphere 5.5U3. The error was logged in the View Administrator and the vSphere (Web) Client. In the View Administrator, the following error was visible:

“Failed to perform space reclamation on machine COMPUTER NAME in Pool POOL NAME”

view_admin_reclaim_error

In the vSphere Web Client, the error messages was different.

“A general system error occurred: Wipe Disk failed: Failed to complete wipe operation.” read more

Considerations when using Microsoft NLB with VMware Horizon View

A load balancer is an integral component of (nearly) every VMware Horizon View design. Not only to distribute the connections among a number of connection or security servers, but also to provide high availability in case of a connection or security server failure. Without a load balancer, connection attempts will fail, if a connection or security server isn’t available. Craig Kilborn wrote an excellent article about the different possible designs of load balancing. Craig highlighted Microsoft Network Load Balancing (NLB) as one of the possible ways to implement load balancing. Jason Langer also mentioned Microsoft NLB in his worth reading article “The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly of VMware View Load Balancing“. read more

vCenter Server Appliance as syslog target for Horizon View connection servers

Logging is essential for troubleshooting. VMware Horizon View allows you to configure a SQL database for event logging, and I really recommend to configure the event logging database (I have seen some deployments without). Beside the event logging database, it’s a great idea to configure a secondary log destination. With a event logging database, and logs sent to a syslog, you have two independent log destinations.

To configure a syslog destination, login to the Horizon View admin portal and go to “View Configuration > Event Configuration”. read more